The rule of double effect comes into play. When you shove a person into the path of the trolley, you're killing as a means to an end. When you switch tracks, such that someone dies as a result, that's a collateral effect and not a means to the end.
That makes sense.
I haven't read the actual study just yet (only the associated article that I did post), at least not to a point where I'm confident enough in my understanding of it.
Would this suggest those with the brain damage (or, the people that would push because of a rational of one way or the other) are immoral?
Are there any Satanic tenants that would answer this question?
The first one that comes to mind is the killing of animals only for food and self defense. Seeing as pushing the man would be moreso murder than switching the tracks, at least according to you (not that I disagree), would killing that man be a violation of that Satanic tenant?